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The period in which the rock pictorial art of the Latmos Mountains was produced can be narrowed down first of all by means of the topics of their representations, their style and their ornamentation within the pre-Bronze Age development of civilisation in Anatolia. The social transformation, which took place when human beings became settled, becomes tangible in the restriction to a particular subject: the human being in his social ties which are expressed above all in portrayals of couples and family scenes. At the same time, a change of style took place, from a naturalistic to a schematic-abstract way of portrayal. The Latmic rock paintings have nothing more to do with the world of hunters and collectors. A more exact chronological classification results from the preference for a certain ornamentation, in particular the textile pattern, which has its equivalents in the Late Neolithic-Chalcolithic pottery from Hacılar in the lake district of south-west Anatolia. The pottery finds from the settlement strata in the caves and shelters, which belong to a uniform, Chalcolithic time horizon, thus complement the dating obtained by means of the stylistic classification of the rock paintings and confirm the period of origin of Latmic rock art in the 6th and first half of the 5th millennium BC.